In the analog technology, information is translated into electric pulses of varying amplitude while in digital technology; translation of information is into binary format (zero or one) where each bit is representative of two distinct amplitudes.

Analogue transmission involves modulating a continuous beam of charged electromagnetic particles (most commonly radio waves but also microwaves and visible light sent through Fibreoptic cables).

This project entails the analysis of the existing 100kw analogue transmitter paying attention to the respective parameters in modes of transmission that steer the principles of operation including the pros and cons in the transmission evolved. The basic types of transmission based on how they modulate data to combine an input signal with a carrier signal are illustrated, for instance AM and PM. The implementation process is laid out including the process layout and power usage of the transmitter. Relevant features are also laid in line such as bandwidth and noise involvement.

The mystery behind the involvement in a higher power capacity in analogue transmission was elaborated relative to digital transmission i.e. the factor of wide ranges of frequencies and amplitudes explaining more consumption of power.

The digital transmitter is then set on design from the preceding transmitter to transmit binary data of less power capacity. The setback of a narrow area of coverage is combated; for instance, using of boosters in between the stations was depicted.

The discrete messages are either represented by a sequence of pulses by means of a line code (baseband transmission), or by a limited set of continuously varying wave forms (passband transmission), using a digital modulation method. The passband modulation and corresponding demodulation (also known as detection) was carried out by modem equipment.

Documentation :